VINYL STANDARDS INFORMATION


SECTION 1 – MECHANICAL DEFECTS


STITCHING
This is both a visual and audible defect. There are reflective silver dots which are clustered on the record.

 

This defect is subject to a claim if it is audible on the record.

 

 
SCRATCHES CAUSED BY DAMAGED STAMPER
This is a visible scratch on records that occurs consistently in one place due to a damaged stamper.

 

There may be scratches on the record which do not affect playback and are not subject to a claim. A scratch longer than 20mm and wider than .5mm are subject to a claim.

NOT AN ACCEPTABLE CLAIM

 

ACCEPTABLE CLAIM
 

 
WARPED RECORDS
When the record does not stay flat and “warps,” which makes the playback distorted or unplayable. To be eligible for a claim, the warping must affect the playback of the record.

 

Certain vinyl will have a higher chance of warping such as shaped picture discs with only one label. The maximum warping tolerance is 5mm.

 

For records that have 1+ color (ie. Splatters, AsideBsides, Color-In-Colors, etc.) the record may warp due to different color compounds. The maximum warping tolerance is 2mm.

 

There are two ways to measure warping:

 

1. Lay the record on a flat surface and with a ruler measure the distance between the surface and the record to determine the scope of the warping.

 

2. Using a special laser tool that will measure the minimum and maximum difference in height. (Note: these tools can be very expensive but this is a suggested method by our plant)

 

LAYING ON A FLAT SURFACE

 

USING A LASER MEASURE
 

 
STAINS AND SMUDGES
The vinyl puck may have had extra material on it, usually some sort of black material. There are typically two types of stains and spots: (1) visible dotted stains and (2) black smudges.
NOT AN ACCEPTABLE CLAM
Compact stains: The area of stains does not exceed 1% of the total surface and is a color which significantly differs from the vinyl color.

 

Non-compact stains: The area of stains does not exceed 5% of the total surface or stains with the same color shade but a different intensity.

 

The reference area is the entire record area including the label. The coverage of stains is calculated as a whole.

 
ACCEPTABLE CLAIM
Compact stains: The area of stains exceeds 1% of the total surface.

 

Non-compact stains: The area of stains exceeds 5% of the total surface.

 

 
VINYL RECORDS
The vinyl color does not correspond to the vinyl color chart.

 

Customers have standard color options based on the color chart or customers may choose to have a custom color created. In regards to claims, the maximum color deviation is one degree from the respective pantone color.

ACCEPTABLE COLOR DEVIATION

 

 

NOT ACCEPTABLE COLOR DEVIATION
 

 
LABEL CUT

 

The sheet of paper was shifted during the cutting process. The accepted tolerance is a maximum of 2mm.

ACCEPTABLE

 
 
 
NOT ACCEPTABLE
 

 
COLOR CHANGE OF LABELS
All labels are put through a high temperature drying process to remove moisture and prevent bubbling. This process makes labels susceptible to color changes. This is most visible on light and PMS colors.

 

The examples below demonstrate acceptable color changes.

BEFORE DRYING (COLUMN 1) / AFTER DRYING (COLUMN 2)

 

BEFORE DRYING (COLUMN 1) / AFTER DRYING (COLUMN 2)
 

 
SPLIT / CRACKED LABEL
Labels can crack during the pressing process. This occurs mostly with multi-colored records or unpredictable paper tension.
ACCEPTABLE
Hairline splits with legible text.

 
 
NOT ACCEPTABLE
The viny is visible through the label or the text is not legible.
 

 
LABEL BLISTERS ON PICTURE DISC
Improper drying of the color causes splitting or blistering. To be eligible for a claim, blisters must be located away from the center of the record and the total area of blisters must exceed 78.5mm2.
ACCEPTABLE

 
 
NOT ACCEPTABLE
 

 
LABEL BLISTERS ON STANDARD VINYL
Improper drying of the color causes splitting or blistering. To be eligible for a claim, the total area of blisters must exceed 78.5mm2.
ACCEPTABLE

 
 
NOT ACCEPTABLE
 

 
TORN LABELS NEAR THE CENTER
The label is torn near the center hole of the record.
ACCEPTABLE
The label has hairline tears and upper layer of the label must not be torn off. Tears under 5mm are acceptable.
 
NOT ACCEPTABLE
The upper printed layer of the label is torn off and the white layer underneath is visible.
 

 
TORN OFF COLOR ON LABEL
Colors on the label may tear near the edge.

 

To be eligible for a claim, the tear must exceed 30mm long and text must be illegible or missing.

ACCEPTABLE
The torn off color on the label edge does not exceed 30mm. The text is legible.
 
NOT ACCEPTABLE
The torn off color on the label edge exceeds 30mm. The text is illegible or text is missing.
 

 
SPOTS ON LABELS
Labels will have spots from certain vinyl pressing processes, typically due to vinyl that has splatter.
ACCEPTABLE
The total area of the spots does not exceed 78.5mm2 and the text is legible.
 
NOT ACCEPTABLE
The total area of the spots exceeds 78.5mm2 and the text is not legible.
 

 
LABEL SCRATCHES
Scratches may occur on the label and is typically caused by either bad handling or a machine error.
ACCEPTABLE
The scratching on the label surface doesn’t damage the upper layer of the paper. The scarcth does not exceed 10% from the run.
 
NOT ACCEPTABLE
The upper layer of the paper is damaged.

SECTION 2 – COLOR EFFECTS

Note: The only multicolor effect claims that may be submitted are if a wrong color or effect is used.


 
SPLATTER VINYL
When using more splatter colors we cannot guarantee that all of them will be visible. Black and other dark opaque colors used as a base color absorb splatter colors. The result is splatters are less visible. Furthermore, when using opaque colors as a base combined with transparent splatter colors the final effect may be less visible or even imperceptible.

 

We recommend using transparent colors as a base to achieve a higher contrast. The amount of splatter cannot be requested. Splatter cannot be used on 7” heavy vinyl records.

 

Improper combinations cannot be subject to claim.

RECOMMENDED

 
 
NOT RECOMMENDED
 

 
ASIDEBSIDE VINYL
The recommend combination is to use an opaque color and a contrasting color. When using a dark opaque color with a light transparent color the effect will be less visible.

 

Recommended combinations include contrasting colors of white and black, white and red, blue and white, etc.

 

Improper or wrong combinations where the final effect will be less visible/significant are black and red, red and orange, dark blue and black.

RECOMMENDED

 
 
NOT RECOMMENDED
 

 
COLOR IN COLOR VINYL
The record is pressed as a small vinyl puck into a large vinyl puck. When using a small solid vinyl puck, and a large transparent vinyl puck, the colors will be bonded together.

 

We recommend using contrasting colors, preferably a large vinyl puck of a light transparent color and a small vinyl puck of a solid dark color.

 

It cannot be used reversely. In case both of the vinyl pucks are solid, the final effect is random, colors are penetrated and the final effect is more like AsideBside effect.

 

Improper combinations cannot be subject to claim.

RECOMMENDED

 
 
NOT RECOMMENDED
 

 
HALF-N-HALF VINYL
The record is pressed with two vinyl biscuits laid side by side.

 

Both transparent and solid colors can be used and combined. In the middle, there is a risk of label wrinkling, as well as one color contaminating the other with contrasting colors. We recommend using two solid or two transparent colors.

 

This cannot be subject to claim as far as the label being torn or illegible.

RECOMMENDED
 

 
3 COLOR STRIPED VINYL
The record is pressed with 3 vinyl biscuits laid side by side. When using contrasting color weights, they may contaminate each other.

 

Both transparent and solid colors can be used and combined. In the middle, there is a risk of label wrinkling, as well as the colors flooding together. This cannot be subject to claim as far as the label being torn or illegible.

 

Improper combinations cannot be subject to claim.

RECOMMENDED
 

 
3 COLOR PIE SLICED VINYL
The record is pressed with 3 vinyl biscuits laid side by side. When using contrasting color weights, they may contaminate each other.

 

Both transparent and solid colors can be used and combined. In the middle, there is a risk of label wrinkling, as well as the colors flooding together. This cannot be subject to claim as far as the label being torn or illegible.

 

Improper combinations cannot be subject to claim.

RECOMMENDED
 

 
MARBLE VINYL
This is an effect with a “marbling” on a vinyl record. The base color must be light transparent and the marbling color must be a dark solid color, preferably black.

 

Improper combinations cannot be subject to claim.

RECOMMENDED
(LIGHT BASE WITH DARK MARBLE)

 
 
NOT RECOMMENDED
(SOLID BASE WITH LIGHT MARBLE)
 

 
SILKSCREENED PRINTED VINYL
The silkscreen vinyl can be manufactured in variants with a label and without a label; with a silkscreen print over the label or outside the label.

 

We recommend to use at least one label, preferably on the side with a recording. In the case a silkscreen printed record without labels on both sides is requested we cannot guarantee the size of the center hole will be kept. This cannot be subject to claim.

 

There is a high risk the record will be warped in the case there is one label (on the recording side) used only. The warping must not exceed 5mm.

 

The etched picture cannot be combined with a recording. The etched picture can be with a label or without a label. The center ring on the records is blank.

 

Most PMS colors are partially transparent therefore the final printing result cannot be exactly matched with the PMS sampler.

RECOMMENDED
 

 
ETCHED VINYL
The etched side cannot contain grooves. The etched picture can be with a label or without a label. The center ring on the records is blank.

 

The etched surface area is not gloss but matte and may show different shades. This cannot be subject to claim.

 

Also there is a high risk the record will be warped in the case there is one label (on the recording side) used only. The warping must not exceed 5mm.

RECOMMENDED
 

 
PICTURE DISC
In the case of a one-sided picture disc, only one side of the picture disc will be cut. The other side cannot be “mirrored,” but there must be a “silent groove” (groove without signal). There are two PD labels used. In the case that an exact orientation is requested it must be specified on the P.O. (ie. head to head).

 

If it’s a single-sided picture disc, the label is usually printed from both sides and the recording is pressed on one side. The opposite side of the label is visible through the transparent vinyl material on the opposite side.

 

These types of records usually have deformed center holes, are prone to warping, and do not comply with the flatness parameters. Warping always occur and flatness parameters are not applicable. Claims will only be accepted if the deviation is greater than 5mm for 10” and 12” vinyl or 3mm for 7” vinyl.

 

Picture discs may have defects in form of smudges. As long as the text is legible
and the label design is not significantly deformed this cannot be subject to claim.

 

Furthermore, due to the fact that the recording is pressed into a non-standard material for vinyl, picture discs may have deteriorated acoustic properties. For example, there may be increased levels of noise and static. These degraded acoustic properties cannot be subject to claim. Classical music or music with quiet parts is not recommended to be used on picture discs.

RECOMMENDED
 

 
SHAPED VINYL
Shaped vinyl are records which are shaped into various shapes using a cutting tool.

 

The shapes are determined based on drawings or designs submitted by the customer. The min. radius is 3mm.

 

When a special shape is requested, it is important to choose a suitable format (either 12” or 10”) due to the fact that the record has to have 175mm of recording area left in the center of the vinyl.

 

The raw material for shaped vinyl can either be 10” or 12” standard black or colored vinyl.

RECOMMENDED
 

 
SHAPED PICTURE DISC
These records may have deteriorated acoustic properties, for example, increased levels of noise and static. We do not recommend classical music or music with quiet parts.

 

The picture disc label must be by 2-3mm smaller than the requested final shape size.

 

As opposed to normal picture discs which have two printed paper slips and a piece of vinyl between them, the printed paper on shaped picture discs is only one sheet, printed front and back. The fact that it is not symmetrical from one side of the product to the other creates an increased risk of dish warping.

 

The picture disc itself can have two sides of music on it.

RECOMMENDED
 
NOT RECOMMENDED